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How to Stop on Ice Skates for Beginners

Have you ever dreamed of gliding on the ice like a pro but felt too scared to try it because you didn’t know how to stop? If so, you’re not alone. Many people avoid ice skating because they think it’s too hard or dangerous. However, ice skating is a fun and exhilarating activity that people of all ages and skill levels can enjoy. To glide gracefully on the ice, you must first learn to stop safely and effectively.

Stopping on ice skates is not as straightforward as it appears; it demands practice and patience to master. In this blog, we will demonstrate tips and tricks on how to stop on ice skates for beginners. This way, you can steer clear of crashing into walls, other skaters, or injuring yourself.

We will explore different types of stops, the process of learning them, how to sidestep common errors, and how to have fun with stopping. By the end of this blog, you’ll be able to stop on ice skates with confidence and enjoy skating more than ever. But before all that, watch this:

Discover the Snowplow, Hockey, and T-Stop techniques with Coach Mary!

1: Snowplow Stop

The snowplow stop is the simplest and most basic way to stop on ice skates. It involves pushing your heels outwards and bringing your toes together, forming a V-shape with your feet. This maneuver creates a wedge of snow in front of your blades, which slows you down gradually. It’s an ideal technique for beginners who are skating at slow or moderate speeds.

To perform the snowplow stop, follow these steps:

  • Start skating slowly and steadily in a straight line. Keep your knees bent, your back straight, your arms outstretched, and your eyes looking forward. Avoid looking down at your feet or the ice.
  • When ready to stop, point both toe picks inward so that your feet form an upside-down “V.”
  • Maintain a consistent angle with your feet as you decelerate. The friction from the skates against the ice will bring you to a stop gradually. Be careful not to push your feet toward each other, which could lead to a twisted ankle.

The snowplow stop is particularly useful for beginners because it is uncomplicated to learn and carry out. It allows for increased stability and control on the ice, enabling you to adjust the angle and pressure of your feet as necessary.

However, the snowplow stop has its limitations:

  • It’s not the most graceful or smooth technique, as it generates a significant amount of snow and noise.
  • It’s not the fastest method to halt your motion, taking more time to stop than other techniques.
  • Its effectiveness is limited to flat and smooth surfaces, making it less versatile or adaptable.

2: T-stop

The T-stop is a more advanced method of halting on ice skates. This technique involves lifting one foot off the ice and placing it behind the other, creating a T-shape with your feet. The rear foot serves as a brake, while the front foot continues to steer and balance. This technique is suitable for intermediate skaters who skate at higher speeds or desire a quicker stop.

To perform the T-stop, these steps should be taken:

  • Begin by skating faster and with more confidence in a straight line. Keep your knees bent, your back straight, your arms outstretched, and maintain your gaze forward. Do not look down at your feet or the ice.
  • When you’re ready to stop, lift one foot off the ice and place it behind the other at a 45-degree angle, ensuring your back foot is parallel to your direction of travel.
  • Put pressure on the back foot as you drag it along the ice. Your back foot should generate friction and resistance, which will slow you down.
  • As you come to a stop, maintain your balance and control. Avoid leaning too far in any direction, as this could cause a fall. Engage your core, relax your shoulders, and keep your head up.

The T-stop is more elegant and smoother than the snowplow stop, making it a better choice for intermediate skaters. It allows for quicker stopping and easier direction changes, providing greater speed and agility on the ice.

However, the T-stop comes with its own set of challenges:

  • It requires more balance and coordination to learn and execute than the snowplow stop.
  • There’s a higher risk compared to the snowplow stop as it puts more stress on the ankles and knees.
  • The success of the T-stop heavily depends on the condition of the ice, performing better on hard and clean surfaces.

3: Hockey Stop

The hockey stop is considered the most challenging yet most efficient method to halt on ice skates. It’s characterized by a swift turn of the feet sideways and a sharp digging of the edges into the ice, which often results in a dramatic snow spray. This technique is suited for advanced skaters who move at high speeds or need to stop suddenly.

To execute the hockey stop, these steps should be followed:

  • Begin by skating at a high speed and with boldness in a straight line. Keep your knees bent, your back straight, your arms outstretched, and your gaze fixed forward. Resist the urge to look down at your feet or the ice.
  • To initiate the stop, pivot your feet sideways to a perpendicular position relative to your direction and press your skate edges into the ice.
  • Tilt your body slightly forward and distribute your weight between the outside edge of the front foot and the inside edge of the back foot. The edges will generate the necessary friction and resistance against the ice to bring you to an immediate stop.
  • As you slide to a stop, keep your balance and control intact. Avoid excessive leaning, which could lead to falls. Ensure your core is engaged, your shoulders remain relaxed, and your head is up.

For advanced skaters, the hockey stop is the epitome of grace and smoothness among stopping techniques. It allows for the utmost speed and power on the ice, granting the ability to cease movement instantly and switch directions swiftly.

Nonetheless, the hockey stop presents certain disadvantages:

  • Out of all stopping methods, it’s the most complex to learn and perform, demanding considerable skill and precision.
  • This stop carries the highest risk, potentially leading to injuries or collisions if performed improperly or without caution.
  • The condition of the ice plays a significant role in the effectiveness of a hockey stop, with optimal performance on soft and smooth surfaces.

How to Learn How to Stop

Mastering the art of stopping on ice skates is a process that requires patience, practice, and proper technique. To embark on this learning journey, follow these structured steps:

Step 1: Start by selecting a stopping method that aligns with your experience and objectives. Beginners may prefer the snowplow stop, while more assured skaters could attempt the T-stop. Those looking for a challenge might opt for the hockey stop.

Step 2: Practice in a secure, spacious area of the ice where you won’t disturb other skaters. The ice should be smooth and free from debris, avoiding any imperfections that could cause accidents.

Step 3: Equip yourself with the appropriate safety gear, including a helmet, gloves, and protective padding for your elbows, knees, and wrists to cushion any falls.

Step 4: Engage in a warm-up routine to prepare your muscles and joints for activity, helping to avert stiffness and discomfort post-skating.

Step 5: Glide at a gentle pace, maintaining a straight trajectory. Focus on posture: knees bent, back straight, arms extended, and eyes up. Avoid the temptation to look down.

Step 6: When you’re set to stop, lean gently to one side and apply the chosen stopping technique. For a snowplow stop, your heels should diverge with toes converging. In a T-stop, one foot lifts and tucks behind the other. For the hockey stop, pivot your feet sideways and press the edges into the ice.

Step 7: Stay balanced and in command as you decelerate and cease movement. Maintain an upright position to prevent falling. Engage your core, relax your shoulders, and keep your gaze forward.

Step 8: Persistently practice the stop you’ve chosen. Vary your speed, direction, and the intensity of your stops. Continue experimenting with different stopping methods until you identify the one that suits you best.

How to Avoid Common Mistakes

When learning to stop on ice skates, sidestepping common pitfalls can make the process smoother and more enjoyable. Below are some valuable tips to help you steer clear of frequent errors:

Don’t be afraid to fall: Embrace falls as part of the learning curve rather than a setback. Falling is natural and indicates that you’re pushing your boundaries. Just remember to don protective gear and learn to fall safely—tuck and roll to the side, keeping your limbs loose.

Don’t skid or slide: Losing your footing and skidding can lead to a loss of control, which is both risky and intimidating. To prevent this, finesse your use of the skate edges to maintain a firm grip on the ice. Practice finding the sweet spot in applying pressure—neither too forceful nor too gentle.

Don’t lock your knees or ankles: Rigid knees and ankles are detrimental to your stopping technique, compromising both stability and flexibility. Keep these joints supple by maintaining a slight bend, which allows for better maneuverability and adaptability in your movements.

Don’t forget to breathe: Proper breathing is crucial—it calms the mind, oxygenates the body, and enhances focus. Ensure that your breaths are deep and consistent to prevent dizziness or lightheadedness. Avoid holding your breath or breathing shallowly, as this can lead to unnecessary tension.

How to Have Fun with Stopping

Mastering the stop on ice skates not only boosts your confidence but also paves the way for delightful experiences on the ice. With a good grasp on stopping techniques, a new realm of ice skating fun awaits you:

Play games: Turn stopping into a playful challenge. Engage in tag games where you have to halt swiftly to evade being tagged, or play “Red Light, Green Light,” accelerating and stopping on command. These games not only add excitement but also refine your stopping skills in a dynamic environment.

Do tricks: Once comfortable with basic stops, why not add flair by incorporating spins or jumps? Execute a pirouette before coming to a stop, or add a small hop before your skates touch down. These maneuvers are not just for show; they also enhance your balance and control on the ice.

Make art: Use your stopping skills to craft visual stories on the ice. Carve intricate patterns or design icy figures with the trails left by your blades. You can even gather the shavings from your stops to sculpt miniature snow creations, adding a touch of winter artistry to your skating sessions.


Stopping on ice skates is a fundamental technique that enriches your skating experience, ensuring safety and more enjoyment on the ice. Regardless of whether you’re partial to the snowplow, T-stop, or the more challenging hockey stop, consistent practice is key. Remember to learn from the mistakes, stay safe with protective gear, and most importantly, infuse fun into every glide and stop.

Armed with the knowledge of how to halt effectively on the ice, it’s time to lace up your skates and venture out onto the rink. Discover the joy and freedom that comes with being able to navigate the ice with ease. Happy skating, and enjoy every stop along the way!

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